Go to content


Karate Styles
Wadō-ryū (和道流) is one of the four major karate styles and was founded by Hironori Otsuka (1892-1982). The style itself is individual in its emphasis on not just striking, but tai sabaki, joint locks and throws.

  • 1Characteristics
    • 1.1Philosophy
    • 1.2Ranks
    • 1.3Kata
  • 2History
  • 3Wadō-ryū outside Japan
  • 4References
  • 5Further reading
  • 6External links
The name Wadō-ryū has three parts: Wa, , and ryū. Wa means "harmony," (same character as tao) means "way," and ryū means "school" or "style". Harmony should not be interpreted as pacifism; it is simply the acknowledgment that yielding is sometimes more effective than brute strength.[1]
From one point of view, Wadō-ryū might be considered a style of jūjutsu rather than karate. Hironori Ōtsuka embraced jujitsu and was its chief instructor for a time. When Ōtsuka first registered his school with the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai in 1938, the style was called "Shinshu Wadō-ryū Karate-Jūjutsu," a name that reflects its hybrid character. Ōtsuka was a licensed Shindō Yōshin-ryū practitioner and a student of Yōshin-ryū when he first met the Okinawan karate master Gichin Funakoshi. After having learned from Funakoshi, and after their split, with Okinawan masters such as Kenwa Mabuni and Motobu Chōki, Ōtsuka merged Shindō Yōshin-ryū with Okinawan karate. The result of Ōtsuka's efforts is Wadō-ryū Karate.[1]
To the untrained observer, Wadō-ryū might look similar to other styles of karate, such as Shito ryu or Shorin ryu. Most of the underlying principles, however, were derived from Shindō Yōshin-ryū, an atemi waza focused style of Jujutsu. A block in Wadō may look much like a block in Goju/Uechi ryu, but they are executed from different perspectives.
A key principle in Wadō-ryū is that of tai sabaki (often incorrectly referred to as 'evasion'). The Japanese term can be translated as "body-management," and refers to body manipulation so as to move the defender as well as the attacker out of harm's way. The way to achieve this is to 'move along' rather than to 'move against'—or harmony rather than physical strength. Modern karate competition tends to transform Wadō-ryū away from its roots towards a new generic karate that appeals more to the demands of both spectators and competitors.[1]
As with other styles of karate Wadō-ryū techniques move from the heels of the feet, but differ in that many (particularly the gyaku zuki reverse punch, like a boxer's cross) progress to incorporate pushing off the ball of the foot as well. This affects the delivery of a number of techniques, particularly adding reach to punches with the back hand, given the extra hip movement afforded utilising the balls of the feet in this fashion.[citation needed]
While the core principles (at least with regard to transmission of body weight into punches) of turning on the heel remain in Wado, as it is the fastest way to push the hips in the direction of attack, the progression to the ball of the foot is a hallmark of the style. It is important to remember that this in no way makes it superior or inferior as a system in comparison to other styles, it is simply another way of thinking that has both merit and drawbacks.
It works well with the jūjutsu applications that Wadō retains and improves the tai sabaki that is a core of Wadō training and application in comparison to the "low stances and long attacks, linear chained techniques" that typify the way Shōtōkan developed after the split.[citation needed]
Wadō-ryū uses a typical karate belt order to denote rank. The beginner commences at 9th or 10th kyū (depending on the organization and school) and progresses to 1st kyū, then from 1st–5th dan for technical grades. The ranks of 6th–10th dan are honorary ranks. Although some other karate styles add stripes to their belt for the dan ranks, Wado-ryū practitioners tend not to follow that practice.
The rank at which Wado practitioners are first able to teach is usually 3rd dan, but this depends on the organization. Some Wado ryu organizations require completion of a special course in addition to attaining a certain dan rank.
Schools that use the same belt color for multiple kyu ranks typically, although not necessarily, use stripes to indicate progress within that belt color.
Another alternative belt sequence uses 20 kyu ranks progressing from White, Blue, Green, Purple, Brown. Each of the four colored belt has five stripes. For example the 20th through 16th Kyu are Blue with one stripe through five stripes up through the 1st Kyu being Brown with five stripes.
Kata are predefined, specific patterns of movement that incorporate and encapsulate martial techniques, concepts, and applications.[2] The exact movements of a kata often vary from one organization to another, and even from one school to another within the same organization. The variations can range from gross deviations apparent to the untrained observer to very subtle minutiae. In his 1977 book on Wadō-ryū (published in English in 1997), Ōtsuka declared only nine official kata for Wadō-ryū: Pinan Nidan, Pinan Shodan, Pinan Sandan, Pinan Yodan, Pinan Godan, Kūshankū, Naihanchi, Seishan and Chintō.[3] Within his text, Ōtsuka provides detailed notes on the performance of these kata, which has resulted in less deviation across organizations on their performance. However, Ōtsuka did teach other kata. Perhaps because Ōtsuka did not provide specific notes for the performance of these other kata in his text, there is greater variation in these other kata across organizations and schools. Kata associated with Wadō-ryū include:
  • Ten-No: basic drills first invented by Gigō Funakoshi (son of Gichin Funakoshi).
  • Taikyoku series: developed by Gichin Funakoshi as a preliminary exercise before the Pinan series; many Wadō-ryū schools teach these basic kata, particularly Taikyoku Shodan (太極初段).
  • Pinan kata: created by Ankō Itosu, and consisting of Pinan Shodan (平安初段), Pinan Nidan (平安二段), Pinan Sandan (平安三段), Pinan Yodan (平安四段), and Pinan Godan (平安五段). Funakoshi renamed this series as the Heian series.
  • Kūshankū[4] クーシャンクー (公相君): "Sky Viewing". Kūshankū was the Okinawan name for Kwang Shang Fu, a Sapposhi (emissary of China's ruling class) sent to Okinawa in the 18th century. This kata uses stances and attacks consisting of the five previous Pinan kata. No new techniques are introduced. Funakoshi renamed this kata as Kankū Dai.
  • Naihanchi ナイハンチ (内畔戦; also known as Naifanchi): this was the original name for the three Tekki kata, but was changed by Funakoshi. This is a lateral kata learned from Chōki Motobu. Wadō-ryū practices only the first Naihanchi kata.
  • Seishan セイシャン (征射雲): the name means "13 hands." This kata was named after a well-known Chinese martial artist who lived in or near Shuri c. 1700. The movements are repeated in sets of three, and has pivots and turning of the head. Funakoshi renamed this kata as Hangetsu.
  • Chintō チントウ (鎮闘): formulated by Matsumura Sōkon from the teachings of a sailor or pirate named Chintō (or Annan, depending on the source). Crane stance occurs many times, and the flying kicks differentiate Chintō from other kata. Funakoshi renamed this kata as Gankaku.
  • Bassai バッサイ (披塞; also known as Passai): a Tomari-te kata that uses dynamic stances and hip rotation. Funakoshi renamed this kata as Bassai Dai.
  • Rōhai ローハイ (老梅): Rōhai has three variation invented by Itosu. Wadō-ryū practices Rōhai Shodan. Funakoshi renamed this kata as Meikyo.
  • Niseishi ニーセイシ: the name means "24 steps." Transmitted by Ankichi Aragaki, this kata is known in Japanese as Nijūshiho (二十四步).
  • Wanshū ワンシュウ (晩愁): the name means "flying swallow." This is a Tomari-te kata based on movements brought to Okinawa in 1683 by a Chinese envoy of the same name. The metaphorical name, "Flying Swallows," comes from the soft blocking sequences near the end of this kata. Funakoshi renamed this kata as Empi.
  • Jion ジオン (慈恩): A Tomari-te kata; part of the Jion kata group.
  • Jitte ジッテ (十手): another Tomari-te kata of the Jion kata group; the name means "10 hands."
  • Suparinpei スーパーリンペイ (壱百零八拳): known as "108 hands," representing the 108 evil spirits of man. This kata is also said to have represented a band of 108 warriors that travelled the Chinese countryside in the 17th century, performing 'Robin Hood'-type tasks of doing good deeds, giving to the poor, and so on. It is also known by its Chinese name of Pechurrin, and occasionally referred to as Haiku Hachi Ho (a name given by Funakoshi). Suparinpei was originally listed as a Wadō-ryū kata with the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai by Hironori Ōtsuka,[citation needed] but he eventually discarded it. Some Wadō-ryū instructors and schools[who?] still teach this kata.
  • Kunpu & Unsu[citation needed]
In addition to the solo kata listed above, many Wadō-ryū schools also practice paired kata, which reflects its jujutsu heritage. These paired kata are performed by two people (one as the attacker and one as the defender), demonstrating a range of self-defense techniques. The paired kata of Wadō-ryū often vary from one organization from another, because Ōtsuka did not standardize them. The paired kata are:
  • Yakusoku Kihon Kumite: consists of 10 fundamental techniques of attack against combination attacks (combinations of kicks and punches), influenced by jujutsu body movements.
  • Kumite Gata: consists of 10 - 24 varietal techniques (depending on the organization) of attack emphasizing Katamae (pinning) and Kuzushi (breaking balance) and multiple strikes.
  • Ohyo Kumite: consists of various techniques of attack, incorporating Karate blocks, kicks and strikes with jujutsu throws and body movements. This is a specialty of Tatsuo Suzuki Hanshi's W.I.K.F organization.
  • Idori no Kata: consists of 5–10 techniques (depending on the organization) of seated self-defense, influenced by jujutsu throwing and joint-locking techniques.
  • Tantodori no Kata: consists of 7–10 techniques (depending on the organization) of defenses against knife attacks, influenced by jujutsu body movements, throwing, and joint-locking techniques.
  • Shinken Shirahadori (真剣白刃取り): consists of 5-10 (depending on organization) techniques of defenses against sword attacks, influenced by jujutsu body movements, throwing, and joint-locking techniques.
In addition to the three paired kata above, there are also Gyakunage Kata (kata of throwing), Joshi Goshinjutsu (kata of women's self-defense), Kodokan Goshin Jutsu & some others, but they are not commonly taught.
The founder of Wadō-ryū, Hironori Ōtsuka, was born on 1 June 1892 in Shimodate, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.[5] In 1898, Ōtsuka began practicing koryū jujutsu under Chojiro Ebashi. From 1905–1921, he studied Shindō Yōshin-ryū jujutsu under Tatsusaburo Nakayama. In 1922, he met Gichin Funakoshi and began to train under him. In 1924, Ōtsuka became one of the first students promoted to black belt in karate by Funakoshi. To broaden his knowledge of Karate, Ōtsuka also studied with other prominent masters such as Kenwa Mabuni of Shitō-ryū and Motobu Chōki.[2] In 1929, Ōtsuka organized the first school karate club at Tokyo University. Eiichi Eriguchi coined the term 'Wadō-ryū' in 1934.[6]
In 1938, Ōtsuka registered his style of karate with the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai under the name of "Shinshu Wadoryu Karate-Jujutsu." Soon after, however, this was shortened to "Wadō-ryū" (和道流). In 1938, the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai awarded Ōtsuka the rank of Renshi-Go, followed in 1942 by the rank of Kyoshi-Go. It was around this time that Tatsuo Suzuki, founder of the WIKF, began training in Wadō-ryū. In 1944, Ōtsuka was appointed Japan's Chief Karate Instructor.[citation needed] In 1946, Ōtsuka awarded Tatsuo Suzuki the rank of 2nd dan.
Around 1950, Jiro Ōtsuka (the founder's second son) began training in Wadō-ryū while in his adolescent years. In 1951, Ōtsuka awarded Tatsuo Suzuki the rank of 5th dan, the highest rank awarded in Wadō-ryū at that time. In 1952, the Wadō-ryū headquarters (honbu) was established at the Meiji University dojo in Tokyo. In 1954, its name was changed to Zen Nippon Karate Renmei (All Japan Karate Federation). In 1955, Ōtsuka published "Karatejutsu no Kenkyu," a book expounding his style of karate. In 1963, he dispatched Suzuki, along with Toru Arakawa and Hajimu Takashima, to spread Wadō-ryū around the world.
In 1964, the Japan Karate Federation (JKF) was established as a general organization for all karate styles. Wadō-ryū joined this organization as a major group.[5] In 1965, Ōtsuka and Yoshiaki Ajari recorded onto film (which is now still available on two video tapes) much of the legacy of Wadō-ryū karate. The first video, "Wadō-ryū Karate Volume 1," consists of: in-depth history and recollections; demonstrations of the eight Kihon No Tsuki body shifts; the first five Kihon-Kumite; and the kata Pinan 1-5, Kūshankū, Jion, Naihanchi, and Seishan. The second video, "Wadō-ryū Karate Volume 2," consists of: more history; the kata Chintō, Niseishi, Rōhai, Wanshu, and Jitte; as well as Kihon-Kumite 6-10, along with application. In 1966, Ōtsuka was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, Fifth Class by Emperor Hirohito for his dedication to the introduction and teaching of karate.[7] On 5 June 1967, the Wadō-ryū organization changed its name to "Wadōkai."
In 1972, the President of Kokusai Budō Renmei, a member of the Japanese royal family, awarded Ōtsuka the title of Meijin.[5][8] In 1975, Suzuki received his 8th dan, the highest grade ever given (at the time) by the Federation of All Japan Karate-dō Organizations, and was named Hanshi-Go by the uncle of Emperor Higashikuni.[citation needed]
In 1980, as the result of a conflict between Ōtsuka and the Wadōkai organization over personal withdrawals from the organization's bank accounts, he stepped down as head of the Wadōkai. Eiichi Eriguchi took over his place within that organization. On 1 April 1981, Ōtsuka founded the "Wadōryū Karatedō Renmei." (Renmei means "group" or "federation.") After only a few months, he retired as head of this organization. His son, Jiro Ōtsuka, took his place. On 29 January 1982, Hironori Ōtsuka died, and in 1983, Jiro Ōtsuka succeeded him as grandmaster of Wadō-ryū. The younger Ōtsuka changed his name to "Hironori Otsuka II" in honor of his late father. In 1989, Tatsuo Suzuki founded the third major Wadō-ryū organization, "Wadō Kokusai" (Wadō International Karatedō Federation; WIKF). (Kokusai means "international.")
Wadō-ryū outside Japan[edit]
Wadō-ryū has been spread to many countries in the world, by both Japanese and non-Japanese students of Hironori Otsuka. Japanese Wadō-ryū stylists Tatsuo Suzuki, Teruo Kono, Masafumi Shiomitsu, H. Takashima, Naoki Ishikawa, Yoshihiko Iwasaki, Kuniaki Sakagami and many others spread the art in Europe. Yoshiaki Ajari, Masaru Shintani and Isaac Henry Jr. spread the art in the United States and Canada, Joaquim Gonçalves (from Portugal) and many others have helped to spread the style in their respective countries. In 1968, Otsuka promoted Cecil T. Patterson of the United States to 5th dan, and charged him with the creation of the United States Eastern Wado-Kai Federation (USEWF).[9][10] Following the split between Otsuka and the Wado-Kai in 1980, Patterson and the USEWF (renamed: United States Eastern Wadō-ryū Karate Federation) remained with Otsuka. Following Patterson's death in 2002, his son John T. Patterson assumed the presidency of the USEWF. Patterson's organization continues as an active member of the Wadō Ryū Karatedō Renmei. In the UK, Wadō-ryū has been cited as a key influence in the development of the hybrid martial art Sanjuro.
  1. ^ Jump up to:a b c "USKO". Usko-karate.co.uk. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b Black Belt November 1971. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  3. ^ Wado Ryu Karate: Hironori Otsuka 1997, p.72
  4. ^ Wado Ryu Karate: Hironori Otsuka 1997, p.177
  5. ^ Jump up to:a b c Wado Ryu Karate/Jujutsu. Books.google.co.uk. p. 19. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  6. ^ Memoirs of A Karate Fighter. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ Black Belt June 1970. Books.google.co.uk. p. 14. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  9. ^ Patterson 1974, pg. 4
  10. ^ Herbster, Richard (June 1983). Wado-Ryu’s Ostuka: Leader of the way of peace. Books.google.co.uk. pp. 41–43. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
Further reading[edit]
  • Tatsuo Suzuki, 'Karate-Do,' Pelham Books Ltd, London, 1967.
  • SUZUKI by Tatsuo Suzuki, The Fulness Of A Life in Karate ISBN 3-9804461-0-7
External links[edit]
  • International Federation of Wado-Ryu Karate-Do or Wadōryū Karatedō Renmei
  • Wado International Karate-Do Federation (WIKF)
  • Japan Karatedo Federation Wado-Kai
  • Wado-Ryu Poland

Wadō-ryū écrit en kanjis

Forme de combatPieds-PoingsPays d’origine JaponFondateurHironori ŌtsukaDérive deShindō Yōshin-ryū, Shōtōkan-ryū, Motobu-ryūPratiquants renommésTeruo Kono
William Millerson
Patrice Belrhiti
Seiji Nishimura
Catherine BelrhitiSport olympiqueSport additionnel aux jeux olympiques de Tokyo 2020 car membre de la WKF sur décision du CIO le 3 août 2016Fédération mondiale
  • WIKF: Wado International Karate-Do Federation
  • Japan Karate Federation Wadokai
  • Wado Ryu Renmei
Article connexe : Shindō Yōshin-ryū.
Le Wadō-ryū (和道流, Wadō-ryū?) est une école (ryūha (流派?)) de karaté et de jiu-jitsu1,2,3. Son fondateur est Hironori Ōtsuka (1892-1982), meijin4,5. Au Japon même, cet art martial est surtout répandu dans les milieux universitaires. Le Wadō-ryū est considéré comme ayant été le tout premier style spécifiquement japonais de karatédo (par opposition aux styles d'Okinawa). Wadō-ryū signifie « école de la voie de la paix » ou « école de la voie de l'harmonie ».
Naissance et histoire du Wadō-ryū[modifier | modifier le code]

Propagation du Wadō-ryū[modifier | modifier le code]
Jusque dans les années 60, le karaté Wadō-ryū (ainsi que les arts martiaux en général), était resté sur les petites îles du Japon[Lesquelles ?]. Il était à peine connu en dehors de l'Orient. Cela allait bientôt changer. Maître Hironori Ōtsuka — dont les premiers étudiants furent : M. Mochizuki, T. Kono, T. Suzuki, A. Yamashita et Y. Toyama — leur confia, en 1963, la mission de transmettre et de divulguer le Wadō-ryū en Europe.
Les techniques du Wadō-ryū[modifier | modifier le code]
Hironori Ōtsuka trouvait le karaté shotokan un peu limité. Il pensait que l'apport du ju-jitsu pouvait enrichir cet art martial et lui assurer un meilleur avenir. Il reprochait au karaté Shotokan de décomposer sa technique en deux temps : d'abord, une défense (généralement par blocage) ; ensuite, une attaque. Mais dans les arts martiaux japonais, la défense et l'attaque ne sont jamais séparées, la défense pouvant même parfois être une attaque.
Ce que le fils d'Ōtsuka résume ainsi : go no sen, on frappe après le début du mouvement adverse, sen no sen, on attaque à l'instant où l'adversaire pense à sa technique, et avant son mouvement (anticipation). En appliquant ces deux principes (go no sen et sen no sen), Ōtsuka développa une méthode de karaté originale où l'esquive était utilisée de préférence au blocage. Il énonça aussi trois principes, qui orientent toute la pratique et constituent le credo technique du wadō-ryū : ten-i (« le déplacement »), ten-tai (« la rotation du corps »), ten-gi (« l'application de la technique avec blocage et contre-attaque simultanés »). Sur cette base, le pratiquant développera les sensations de : nagasu, inasu et noru. ce qui sous entend, Nagasu: Aspiration de l'attaque & retrait du corps. Inasu: Déviation de l'attaque & rotation du corps. Noru: Accompagnement de l'attaque dans un mouvement liant défense et attaque & rotation du corps.

En conclusion, l'esquive est accompagnée d'un atémi du poing ou du pied et souvent se concluant par une projection au sol.
Certaines techniques de poings ne se trouvent que dans cette méthode, telles que jun tsuki no tsukikomi, gyaku tsuki no tsukikomi, tobi komi tsuki ou tobi komi nagashi tsuki. Le Wadō-ryū se caractérise aussi par des positions plus hautes que dans les autres styles et un travail important des esquives et du goshin jitsu (défense personnelle).
Exemples de présence du ju-jitsu dans le karaté wadō-ryū[modifier | modifier le code]
Luxations et projections.
  • Kihon Kumite6 n° 5 -10
  • Ohyo Kumite7 n° 2 - 5 - 7
  • Ainsi que les 9 défenses au couteau et
  • Les 5 idori (techniques à genoux)
Les katas Wadō-ryū[modifier | modifier le code]
Article détaillé : Kata Wadō-ryū.
Un kata est un enchainement de mouvements codifiés permettant la transmission des techniques et du savoir martial mais également des principes de combat. Le kata peut se concrétiser par l'intermédiaire du bunkaï qui est une démonstration du kata. En France, lors du passage de l'examen pour le 1er Dan (Ceinture Noire), l’exécution d'un Kata est indispensable et conduit à l'attribution d'une note sur 20. Le bunkaï quant à lui est obligatoire pour les candidats de la voie traditionnelle et conduit également à une note sur 208.
De plus, Lors des phases finales de compétitions kata par équipe, les compétiteurs doivent réaliser le bunkaï du kata qu'ils présentent9.

Par rapport à l'école Shitō-ryū, le fondateur Hironori Ōtsuka n'a retenu que neuf katas pour son école10. Il estimait que la maitrise d'un petit nombre de katas était préférable à la connaissance d'un grand nombre de kata pour atteindre un haut niveau. Cependant, aujourd'hui, l'école Wadō-ryū enseigne 15 katas10.
Notons que le même kata peut être enseigné dans différentes écoles. Cependant, il y aura des différences plus ou moins subtiles d'une école à l'autre en fonction de la philosophie de l'école.
Les Pinan[modifier | modifier le code]
Il existe cinq Pinan11. Ces katas sont généralement enseignés au début de l'apprentissage du karaté et ont un schéma de déplacement très semblable. Ils font partie des 9 katas originaux.
  • Pinan Shodan (平安初段)
  • Pinan Nidan (平安二段)
  • Pinan Sandan (平安三段)
  • Pinan Yodan (平安四段)
  • Pinan Godan (平安五段)
Les Katas dit supérieurs[modifier | modifier le code]
Ces Katas11 différents des katas pinan notamment dans le schéma de déplacement12.
  • Naihanchi ナイハンチ (内畔戦). Naihanchi signifie "Cavalier de fer". Cette signification fait allusion à la position kiba-dachi prise par le karatéka tout au long du kata13.
  • Kushanku クーシャンクー (公相君). Ce kata a la spécificité de ne reprendre que des mouvements présents dans les Pinan. Cela s'explique par le fait que de ce kata sont nés les katas pinan afin de permettre aux débutants de s'initier à l'art martial. Kushanku contient 66 mouvements, soit près de 3 fois plus que dans les Pinan en moyenne.
  • Seishan セイシャン (征射雲).
  • Chinto チントウ (鎮闘). Dans la signification de Chinto se cache la spécificité de ce kata. En effet, Chinto signifie "La grue sur un rocher" ce qui fait allusion aux différentes phases réalisées en équilibre sur une jambe14.
  • Wanshu ワンシュウ (晩愁). Signifiant "Vol de l'Hirondelle" faisant allusion au saut survenant vers la fin du kata15.
  • Rohai ローハイ (老梅)
  • Bassai バッサイ (披塞). Signifiant "briser, assaillir la forteresse", il s'agit d'un des katas les plus anciens.
  • Niseishi ニーセイシ (二十四步)
  • Jitte ジッテ (十手)
  • Jion ジオン (慈恩)
Les 9 katas originaux10,5[modifier | modifier le code]
  • Pinan Shodan
  • Pinan Nidan
  • Pinan Sandan
  • Pinan Yodan
  • Pinan Godan
  • Naihanchi
  • Kushanku
  • Seishan
  • Chinto
Citations[modifier | modifier le code]
Au sujet de la Voie de la paix[modifier | modifier le code]
« L'action violente peut être comprise comme la voie des arts martiaux, mais la véritable signification des arts martiaux est de chercher et d'atteindre la voie de la paix et de l'harmonie. »
Hironori Ōtsuka
Au sujet du Wadō-ryū[modifier | modifier le code]
« Il faut considérer le Wadō-ryū comme une école de ju-jutsu à laquelle ont été ajoutées des techniques de karaté d’Okinawa et des techniques d’armes issues des écoles japonaises de sabre Yagyu et Toda. C’est ce qui explique que le Wadō est bien plus proche des budō japonais traditionnels que des arts martiaux d’Okinawa. Le Wadō-ryū n’est pas un sport… Le but premier consiste à mettre l’adversaire hors de combat16 »
Hironori Ōtsuka II
Au sujet des grades[modifier | modifier le code]
« De nos jours, trop de gens arrêtent l'entraînement une fois qu'ils ont passé le 2e ou 3e dan, ils ne réalisent pas que les ceintures ne sont pas importantes. Les grades ne signifient rien, tout ce qui importe est de s'entraîner dur. Beaucoup de gens se prévalent du 10e ou même 12e dan, mais la plupart d'entre eux sont sans valeur. »
Tatsuo Suzuki (1928-2011)
Principaux représentants du style[modifier | modifier le code]
Liste de maîtres (à quelques exceptions près) enseignant, ou ayant enseigné, hors du Japon :
Élèves directs de maître Hironori Ōtsuka[modifier | modifier le code]
Sensei Tatsuo Suzuki (1928-2011), 8e dan hanshi
Yutaka Toyama (1938), 9e dan
Eleni Labiri Suzuki (1963), 6e dan, épouse, assistante et élève direct de maître Suzuki.
  • Tatsuo Suzuki, (1928-2011)17, 8e dan18 hanshi, son jikideshi de 1945 à 1956
  • Kazuo Sakura (1929-2002)17, 5e dan19
  • Toru Arakawa (1932-2015)17, 9e dan hanshi
  • Teruo Kono17 (1934-2000), 8e dan hanshi
  • Yutaka Toyama (1938)17, 9e dan
  • Hideho Takagi, (1942) 8e dan hanshi
  • Atsuo Yamashita17, 5e dan
  • Kazuo Sakai17, 10e dan hanshi
  • Shingo Ohgami (1941)17, 8e dan
Voir la catégorie : Élève direct de maître Hironori Ōtsuka.
Descendants directs de maître Hironori Ōtsuka et Sōke du wado-ryu[modifier | modifier le code]
  • Jirō Ōtsuka (1934-2015), 10e dan, son fils20. 2e Grand Maître (Sōke) du Wadoryu.
  • Kazutaka Ōtsuka (1965), 6e dan, son petit-fils. Au cours d'une cérémonie à Tokyo, le , Kazutaka Otsuka a été nommé 3e Grand Maître (Sōke) du Wadoryu21.
Élèves directs de maître Tatsuo Suzuki[modifier | modifier le code]
  • Kuniaki Sagakami (1944) , 8e dan
  • Jon Wicks, 8e dan, successeur22 à la tête de la WIKF de sensei Suzuki
  • Eleni Labiri Suzuki (1963), 6e dan23, épouse et assistante de sensei Suzuki
Voir la catégorie : Élève direct de maître Tatsuo Suzuki.
Autres maîtres[modifier | modifier le code]
Japonais[modifier | modifier le code]
  • Masaru Shintani , 9e dan
  • Yoshiaki Ajari, 8e dan
  • Masafumi Shiomitsu, 9e dan hanshi
  • Kengo Sugiura (1935-2006), 8e dan
  • Naoki Ishikawa (1942-2008), 8e dan
  • Katsumi Kobayashi, 8e dan
  • Toru Takamizawa (1942 – 1998), 7e dan kyoshi
  • Hiroo Mochizuki, 7e dan
  • Seiji Nishimura, 7e dan
  • Hiroji Fukazawa (1949-2010), 8e dan
  • Yoshikazu Kamigaito, 6e dan
Français[modifier | modifier le code]
  • Patrice Belrhiti, 9e dan
  • Alain Ferry, 7e dan, nommé par Tatsuo Suzuki
  • Michel Muller, 7e dan
  • Bruno Houriez, 6e dan, élève direct de Hiroji Fukazawa
Belge[modifier | modifier le code]
  • Mathieu Beysen, 8e dan
  • Jean Robert Huart, 7e dan
Hollandais[modifier | modifier le code]
  • William Millerson, 8e  dan
Suisse[modifier | modifier le code]
  • Roberto Danubio, 7e dan
Symboles du karaté Wadō-ryū par principales fédérations[modifier | modifier le code]
Wadō-ryū signifie école de la voie de la paix24 ou de la voie de l'harmonie. En Wadōkai, un poing de face (seiken) est placé au centre des ailes de la colombe. A la Wado Ryu Renmei, la colombe entourant de ses ailes le mot paix écrit en kanjis. À la WIKF, c'est un soleil levant rouge qui se trouve au centre des ailes.

Da Wikipedia,
Il Wado-Ryu, o anche Wadoryu (和道流 Wadō-ryū?), è uno stile giapponese di karate fondato nel 1934 dal Gran Maestro Hironori Ōtsuka. Wadoryu significa Scuola/Stile (ryu) della Via (do) della Pace/Armonia (wa). Al contrario della maggior parte degli stili di karate, che sono stati sviluppati ad Okinawa, il Wado Ryu è il primo stile di karate ad essere originario del Giappone.

  • 1Lo stile Wadoryu
  • 2I Principi del Wadoryu
  • 3La filosofia del Wadoryu
  • 4Gradi di cintura
  • 5Note
  • 6Bibliografia
  • 7Voci correlate
  • 8Collegamenti esterni
Lo stile Wadoryu[modifica | modifica wikitesto]
Pur trovando le sue origini nel Te di Okinawa, il Wadoryu è uno stile in qualche modo a sé stante. La sua caratteristica principale è la fusione operata dal M. Otsuka tra lo Shindo Yoshin Ryu Jujitsu e il Rykyu Kenpo To-Te-Jitsu. Le posizioni sono comode, morbide e la distanza di combattimento è medio-corta. Lo stile pone particolare attenzione alla mobilità, alla velocità e soprattutto alla fluidità delle tecniche con un uso sapiente del Taisabaki. Otsuka stesso insegnò che il proprio movimento è la manifestazione del proprio spirito. Caratteristica portante è inoltre l'ampio bagaglio di Jujitsu con lo studio approfondito di proiezioni (nage-waza), leve articolari (kansetsu waza), immobilizzazioni e strangolamenti (shime waza) che si accompagnano all'uso degli atemi waza (tecniche di percussione) derivati dal karate il cui scopo è quello di causare un trauma anatomico in zone sensibili del corpo umano per neutralizzare l'avversario nel modo più rapido possibile (con colpi alle articolazioni, al femore, all'inguine, alle ginocchia, alle fluttuanti, al fegato, alla gola, alle orecchie ecc.).
Al classico schema "attacco-parata-contrattacco" il maestro sostituì quello più efficace di "attacco-contrattacco" rifiutando dunque un contrasto cruento ma prediligendo, al contrario, l'evasione (Nagashi) e la schivata. Nei Kihon Kumite, infatti, che si possono definire la "summa" degli insegnamenti del maestro Otsuka, ritroviamo un concetto dinamico particolarissimo caratterizzato da: "schivata-contrattacco-proiezione (o sbilanciamento)" in un unico gesto tecnico. Osserviamo in ciò il principio di flessibilità (Ju) tipico del Jujitsu con l'adozione del principio di circolarità dell'Aikido. In tutto questo assume particolare importanza la rotazione delle anche. Tutte le tecniche Wado, in sostanza, richiamano all'essenzialità della difesa secondo il principio "sei ryoku zen‘ yo" (massimo risultato con il minimo sforzo). Fondamentale importanza assume nello studio degli atemi il controllo della respirazione e della muscolatura mediante la contrazione soltanto al momento dell'impatto per tornare immediatamente alla decontrazione muscolare.
Il programma tecnico di base dello stile comprende:
5 Kata di "base" e 10 Kata "superiori"
  • Pinan Shodan
  • Pinan Nidan
  • Pinan Sandan
  • Pinan Yondan
  • Pinan Godan
  • Chinto
  • Kushanku
  • Naihanchi
  • Seishan
  • Bassai
  • Jion
  • Jitte
  • Niseishi
  • Rohai
  • Wanshu
42 Kumite
  • 10 Ippon Kumite
  • 12 Sanbon Kumite (codificati dal maestro Tatsuo Suzuki)
  • 8 Ohyo Kumite (codificati dal maestro Tatsuo Suzuki)
  • 10 Kihon Kumite
Alla pratica superiore appartengono:
  • 10 Tanto Dori (difesa da coltello)
  • 5 Tachi Dori (difesa da spada)
  • 5 Idori (tecniche di difesa in seiza)
I Principi del Wadoryu[modifica | modifica wikitesto]
Sulla base del Rykyu Kenpo To-Te-Jitsu, Otsuka elaborò una serie di principi dinamici e di combattimento derivati dalla sua esperienza nel Jujitsu che fanno del Wadoryu un eccellente sistema di difesa personale. Questi principi possono essere riassunti in vari punti chiave:
  • Principio della flessibilità (Ju) attraverso tecniche di evasione e schivata
  • Principio del "sei ryoku zen‘ yo" (massimo risultato con il minimo sforzo)
  • Principio del ritorno dopo una tecnica di pugno (ikite) e di calcio (ikiashi)
  • Principio del Gosen-no-sen: nello stesso momento in cui si blocca l'attacco dell'avversario si contrattacca
  • Principio del Sensen-no-te: quando l'avversario cerca di attaccare prendendo l'iniziativa, viene bloccato, senza attendere la sua iniziativa e quindi attaccato prima che lo faccia lui.
Principi del movimento:
  • Nagasu (lasciar correre, rapidità dell'acqua)
  • Inasu (schivare, scivolare come una goccia di rugiada)
  • Noru (avvolgere)
  • Principio dello spostamento rapido e piccolo con posizioni raccolte e gambe meno statiche
  • Principio di circolarità dell'Aikido
La filosofia del Wadoryu[modifica | modifica wikitesto]
«Quando pratichi il Wado-ryu come arte marziale, non significa solo impegnarti; ma anche impegnare te stesso ad un certo modo di vivere; che include allenamento agli ostacoli della vita e trovare la via per un'esistenza ricca di significati per tutto il tempo che ti è concesso su questa terra. Attraverso questo modo di vivere potrai raggiungere il Wa e vivere la pienezza della vita. Bisogna trovare il Wa attraverso l'allenamento, una volta entrato nel Wa, tu troverai molte altre vie per crescere e migliorare il tuo modo di vivere. Ti aiuterà a migliorare in tutti i settori della tua vita.»
(Hironori Ōtsuka)
Gradi di cintura[modifica | modifica wikitesto]
Lo stesso argomento in dettaglio: Gradi del karate.
I gradi nel Wadoryu sono conformi alla gerarchia delle cinture, che prende il nome di Kyudan. Questa divisione separa gli allievi dai maestri.
Cinture Allievi
  • Bianca
  • Gialla
  • Arancione
  • Verde
  • Blu
  • Marrone
Cinture Nere
  • 1º dan:
  • 2º dan:
  • 3º dan:
  • 4º dan:
  • 5º dan:
  • dal 5° dan al 10 dan sono atti di riconoscenza e "premiazione" dati dalla federazione o dal Maestro responsabile della federazione
Back to content